Several birth control methods to prevent unwanted pregnancy have been introduced onto the market. Of these, the hormonal contraceptive methods have been proven to be the most effective of all. There are three different hormonal contraceptive methods: the contraceptive pill, contraceptive ring and contraceptive patches. The oral pills have been the most popular method of these three. However, recent statistics indicate that the other two methods are gaining popularity at a fast pace. The birth control pills consist of synthetic female hormones as its active ingredients.
A contraceptive pill can be either a combination pill or a mini-pill, based on the hormones present in it. A combination pill is the one which consists of two synthetic female hormones, oestrogen and progestogen. With the help of these two hormones, a combination contraceptive pill can prevent pregnancy in three different ways. Firstly, it prevents ovulation from occurring by tricking your body into believing that ovulation has already occurred. Secondly, it thickens the cervical mucus in your womb so as to prevent a sperm from entering and fertilising an egg.
Lastly, a combination pill alters your womb lining so that an egg, if produced and fertilised, cannot attach and grow further. Yasmin contraceptive pill is the most popular and commonly used combination pills amongst women. It consists of ethinylestradiol, synthetic oestrogen, and drospirenone, synthetic progestogen, as its active ingredients. Mini-pills are the contraceptive pills that consist of only one synthetic female hormone, the progestogen. As a result, mini-pills are often referred to as ‘progestogen-only pills’. The mini-pills can prevent women from getting pregnant in two ways.